Introduction to the Gospels
Why Study the life of Jesus?
1. The Life of Jesus Christ in the Gospels is the source of the New Testament revelation and expectation and the fulfillment of the Old Testament hopes.
2. To relive the pages of scripture recorded by the evangelist, is to walk with our Lord in His earthly ministry.
3. To study the life of Chris is to behold God in human flesh. In other parts of scripture we hear Christ by the hearing of the ear, but here, our eyes see him (John 1:14-18)
4. When we study the Gospels we meet the “real” Jesus. Therefore, we must diligently study the Life of Christ in order to battle and defend the Biblical portrait of Jesus.
5. The Life of Christ confronts us with a personality, which forbids indecision and neutrality. If anyone wishes to come after me let him take up his cross and follow me.
6. When we study the Life of Christ we learn of God’s provision and pattern for our Christian experience.
7. A person’s attitude toward Jesus Chris is the determing factor between life and death, heaven or hell.
8. To those of us who have been saved by the gracious gift of God’s Son, we find him to be the supreme Love and desire of our souls. The study of the Gospels enables us to know Him better and to love Him more completely.
Look at the “Comparison” of the Four Gospels:
• Matthew, Mark and Luke (the “synoptic gospels” — means “in common or “same point of view”) have common miracles and teachings but were written by different people for different reasons and from different viewpoints
• Matthew was a Jewish tax collector, and thinks “topical” rather than chronological, wrote to Jews.
• Mark was a missionary, wrote to Gentiles, and arranges chronologically.
• Luke was a physician, very logical and detail-oriented and chronological, wrote to the gentiles.
• John was a fisherman, whose focus was topical.
How does John differ from the “synoptic” gospels?
John focuses on the DEITY of Christ
Synoptic gospels focus on the HUMANITY of Christ
John focuses on the Judean ministry of Jesus (south)
Synoptic gospels focus on the Galilean ministry of Jesus (north)
Luke 1:1-4: We get the purpose of writing a gospel.
John 1:1-18: John tells us from the beginning who Jesus is and gives us an overview from pre-incarnation to crucifixion.
Why is There Different Lineages?
In Matthew 1:1-17 and Luke 3:23b-38: We get the lineages