Is There a God? Teleological Argument
Today we will be continuing our series of Apologetics. Now remember that Apologetics is just a fancy word for the defense of the faith. We as Christians need to be able to defend our faith for two reasons. First, so that we are strong in our faith and will not be easily deceived, and second, so that we are able to give a good answer when others searching have questions for us about our faith. We need to be able to say more than just because Jesus lives in my heart that is how I know. Christianity is not true because Jesus lives in my heart, it is true because of what happened 2000 years ago outside Jerusalem.
For the next couple of weeks we will be addressing the question, Is there a God? Is there a logical and reasonable argument for the existence of God? Outside of referencing the Bible, can a case for the existence of God be made that disproves the positions of those that do not believe in a God and gives sufficient warrant for believing in a Creator? The answer is, yes, it can. At the conclusion of proving that there is a God, I will then prove to you that the God that we proved to exist, is the God that we find in the Bible.
We all ask the question is there a God. This is mainly because God has placed a God shaped hole in our heart that only He can fill. This is why every nation and culture that has ever existed in history has worshiped something. In other words, man does not ask the question about God, our very existence raises the question about God. That is why today we all still worship something.
However, I want to help you discover that in order to get the most joy out of life you have to worship the right God. Last time we proved God existed by appealing to the Moral argument. We said that since universal morals do exist, that there must be a universal law giver and that universal law giver is God. Today we will look at the teleological argument.
This simply means “purpose” or “goal.” The idea is that it takes a “creator” to have purpose, and so where we see things obviously intended for a purpose, something had to have caused it for a reason. In other words, design implies a designer. We instinctively do this all the time. When we are walking and we see a rock in the field we do not think anything about it, but if we find a watch, then we automatically know that there is something different about that watch from that rock.
We automatically know that someone created that watch and that it did not happen by chance out there in that field. That it is too complicated to just happen by accident.
In no scientific field is design considered to be spontaneous; it always implies a designer, and the greater the design, the greater the designer. Thus, taking the assumptions of science, the universe would require a designer beyond itself.
If designs implies a designer, and the universe shows marks of design, then the universe was created. Clearly, every life form in earth’s history has been highly complex. All of the DNA in the human body could be backed into the size of an ice cube, but the information that it would hold would fill a library. The human brain is approximately 10 billion gigabytes in capacity.
Besides living things here on earth, the whole universe seems designed for life. Literally, hundreds of conditions are required for life on earth—everything from the mass density of the universe down to earthquake activity must be fine-tuned in order for life to survive.
If the earth was not tilted at just the right angle, life would not exist. If we were a little closer to the sun, it would be too hot for life to exist. If we were little further from the sun, it would be too cold for life to exist. It is a lot easier to believe all this occurred because of a creator than to think that it just happened.
Another example of complexity is the human eye. A study of the human eye reveals the complexity of sight that just could not happen by chance. However, we see our creator in not just complex systems but even single-celled creatures have too much complexity to explain without a creator! Single-celled bacteria are so complex that without all of their parts working together at the same time they would have no survival potential. That means those parts could not have developed by chance.
Therefore, we can now conclude that because moral laws exist, we can assume that there is a universal lawgiver. And since we see that there are some things that are too complex without being created, there must me a creator.