David & Goliath (1 Samuel 17)

by FBCMagnolia

I chose this passage because it is a familiar one.  Even if you have never been to church or never have picked up a Bible you have heard of this story.  Especially in the sport of football, you hear this story mentioned every time there is a major upset. Every time a team that should not be on the same field as a traditional powerhouse rises up above themselves and comes out with a victory this story is referenced by the commentators.

Therefore, since you all are familiar with the story, it allows me to summarize it and then apply it to your lives.  Because we all will be a David one day and need to rise above ourselves to overcome something that seems to be overwhelming. We all will be Goliath and because of our arrogance will need to be humbled.  And I will reference later, we all will be like the nation of Israel and need a hero to rescue us.

Background of this story:

The book of Judges tells us about how the Nation of Israel was unfaithful and would fall away from God and then an outside power would come in and take them over.  God would then send a judge to lead them back to God and defeat the power that was over them.  However, Samuel is the last Judge.  Israel demands to be like all of the other  nations and have a King.  Israel selects Saul, who is taller than any other Jew, but is found cowering in a closet when they come to make him King.

Israel demanded to have a king and now God has chosen one for them.  And God proves it by using this miracle to validate David’s anointing.

So this story starts off by the Philistine army coming to do battle with the nation of Israel.  The nation of Israel goes out to meet them. The two powerful armies are on opposite hills with a valley in-between them.

A great philistine warrior goes out to the battle line and starts mocking the nation of Israel.  He says let us settle this right now, one on one, man on man. You all send out your best warrior and if he defeats me, then we will be your slaves, but if I am victorious then you all will be our slaves.

However, instead of going out and taking this challenge, the nation of Israel cower in fear.  This is because of Goliath’s physical presence.  He was 9 feet 9 inches tall, his armor alone weighed 125 pounds, and the head of his spear weighed 15 pounds.  So the mere physical presences paralyzed the nation of Israel with fear.

This continued for 40 days, morning and evening Goliath would come out and mock the nation of Israel and their God.

However, while all this was taking place a shepherd boy was tending to his flock in the field.  The reason why he was left there to the sheep was because he was not deemed worthy enough to go to war.  He was too young, too small, and would have been considered a liability in war.

His father comes to him and tells him to take this food to his three oldest brothers so that they will be nourished for battle.  David does so and finds his brothers at the battle line. At that moment Goliath comes out and mocks the nation of Israel once again.  However, David’s response is different from that of the rest of Israel.  Instead of being fearful, he is determined to defend the honor of his God.

David then goes to the King to ask for permission to fight this mighty warrior.  This is how the king of Israel responds:

Basically what King Saul is saying is that David is too small, too young.  That he is just a shepherd boy and Goliath has been training all his life for this moment.  All he knows is battle, what chance does a young shepherd boy stand against a trained warrior.

However, this is how David responds:

Here we see that David’s boldness was not an act of foolishness driven by an angry rage, but because of his past experience of God’s faithfulness.  Because God was faithful with lions and with bears, David was confident that God would be faithful with this Philistine warrior. Basically, what David is saying is, if God be for me then who can be against me.

We all can apply this to our own lives because we all go through trials and sufferings.  In fact, I believe that the saying is true that we all are either in a storm, going in a storm, or coming out of a storm.  God wants to use these trials in your life for you good and His glory.  He wants to use then to grow you stronger and God wants to use his past faithfulness to fuel your confidence in His future faithfulness.

Here we see that David rushes to the battle line and Goliath is offended. Goliath says:

However, David replies:

David rushes in and takes out one smooth stone, puts it in his sling-shot and drops the mighty warrior with one blow.  David then takes Goliath’s own sword and cuts off his head.  The Philistines see this and are terrified and start to flee.  The nation of Israel, overtakes them and the battle was won.

The main point of this passage is to display how powerful our God is.  God is so powerful that he can take a unarmored, small, youth and take town a well-armored, well-trained, mighty warrior. God gets the most glory by using those that could never have accomplished things on their own.

why do we need to know about God’s power?

Now knowing that this passage is trying to teach us about God’s power, 

NO, the reason we need to know about God’s power is because we are like the nation of Israel and need a hero to deliver us from a Goliath that we can never overtake in our own power. And that Goliath is sin.  We all have sinned, we all have lied, we all have taken something that did not belong to us.

Who is Our David?

However, there is one that came out of the line of David, he was actually born in the city of David which you probably know as Bethlehem.  Jesus Christ lived the perfect life so that we did not have too. Jesus Christ died on the cross and defeated death by rising again.  Now all those that accept Jesus Christ as their Lord, Savior, and Treasure can be brought back into a right relationship with God again.

–          David was the man that the Lord chose to be king and who he delights in.

–        Jesus was the one the Father chose to be our Savior and Champion, who the Father delights in.

–          David relies on the Spirit of God to do mighty deeds on behalf of Israel.

–        Jesus was the Lord’s anointed who gave Him the Spirit without measure.

– David overcame Goliath as the anointed.

–        Jesus overcame Satan and all of his works as the anointed.

–        David overcame Goliath with a weapon that Goliath scorned.

–        Jesus defeated Satan with the Cross which Satan and those that first witnessed it scorned.

–        David uses Goliaths own weapon to cut off his head.

–        Jesus took Satan’s weapon of death and by it overcame his evil works.

–        David won over his foes while the nation of Israel had failed, but still benefited from what he had done

–        Jesus won the victory over sin and death on behalf of his people that we might celebrate in the victory although we too have failed and did not deserve it.

What Do We Do Now?

Just like how the Nation of Israel had to chase down the philistines to win the battle, we get insight on what role we play in the battle against our defeated enemy in Ephesians 6:13-17.

This is why you must take up the full armor of God, so that you may be able to resist in the evil day, and having prepared everything, to take your stand. 

Stand, therefore, with truth like a belt around your waist, righteousness like armor on your chest, and your feet sandaled with readiness for the gospel of peace. In every situation take the shield of faith, and with it you will be able to extinguish the flaming arrows of the evil one. Take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is God’s word. 

David Shows us How to Put on the Full Armor of God

  • The Belt of Truth – David held onto the truth that Goliath was not defying David or Israel, but the LORD.
  • Breast Plate of Righteousness – David knew that he must defend God’s honor.  It did not matter what happened to him, as long as God’s honor was defended.
  • The Gospel Shoes – His motive was that people will know that the one and true living God was with Israel. (Verses 46-47 )
  • Helmet of Salvation – The God that saved him from the lions and bears will save him again, and will always save him.
  • Shield of Faith – It was David’s faith in the God that anointed him that allowed him to have the confidence to take on such a great enemy.
  • Sword of the Spirit – David did not place his confidence in a human sword, but in the every Word of God.

And that is what I want you all to leave here tonight with.  If you have never accepted Jesus Christ as your Lord, Savior, and Treasure I would love to talk to and pray for you tonight about all that entails. And if you are a Christian, but you find yourself battling a lion or a bear tonight, I would like to pray for you as well because I am sure that when David was battling a lion and a bear there was some intense moments that he felt like it too much to bear.